Considered as the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu, the city of Madurai is inextricably associated with the culture and history of the state. Area-wise, it happens to be the state’s second largest city. Madurai has a great cultural heritage spanning over 2500 years old. The city is situated on the banks of the peaceful river Vaigai. Due to the large number of kingdoms that sprouted on the banks of this river, many archeological sites and temples have made this city a center of global attraction. For this reason, the city is also regarded as one of India’s greatest temple towns. The city has become tantamount to the great Meenakshi temple. Madurai is also very famous for its lush green paddy fields and the enchanting jasmine plantations. The city’s flower market is indeed a treat to watch. Patients who undergo treatment here can very well utilize the stay in this magnificent city. A ride across the city shall be indeed reviving, particularly during the post-operative days.
|Area||:||248 Sq. Km|
|Altitude||:||101 Meters, above mean sea level|
|Climate||:||Mild Winter and moderate Summer|
|Temperature||:||Summer – Max. 40°C / Min. 26.3°C Winter – Max. 29.6°C / Min. 18°C|
|Rainfall||:||85.76 cm annual|
|Season||:||Throughout the Year|
|Rainy Season||:||October to December|
Places to visit
Sri Madurai-Meenakshi temple
This temple is the center around which the city has evolved. Madurai Meenakshi temple is regarded as one of the largest temples in India and one of oldest too. Several kingdoms have contributed to the development of this magnificent structure. The entire temple spans over an area of 65000sq.m. Lord Shiva along and his spouse Lord Meenakshi are the main deities in this temple. One of the main features of this temple is the hall of 1000 pillars known as the ‘Aayiramkaal Mandapam’. The peculiarity of this hall is that the pillars appear to be in straight line irrespective of the angle in which it is viewed. In addition, these pillars generate different musical note when tapped.
Thirumalai Nayak Palace
This tourist site is very near to the aforesaid Meenakshi temple. The perfectly chiseled out stuccowork on the arches & domes is its unique characteristics. Another feature is its celestial pavilion (colloquially called as ‘Swarga vilaasam’). This piece is the marvel of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. The massive pillars & decorated arches are the other attractions.
The temple is considered to be one prominent abodes of the Hindu god, Lord Subramanya. The temple is situated on a hill-top. In order to get to the top, one has to walk through the various Mandapas that are carved out of stone. Another attraction is the long stretch of 48 pillars in front of the entrance. These pillars are decorated with various carvings.
Situated around panoramic surroundings, the temple of Lord Alagar (or ‘Alagar koil’) has the Hindu god Vishnu as the main deity. The temple is filled with intricate carvings on the pillars and arches. The temple is located 21km to east of Madurai.
Located about 5km to the east of Madurai Meenakshi temple is the Mariamman Teppakulam. It is a large square tank filled with pure water. It spans over an area of almost 16 acres. This is site of the annual festival to commemorate the birth anniversary of its developer, Sri Thirumalai Nayak. During the festival, deities of Hindu gods are placed a specially decorated float known as ‘teppam’. The atmosphere that is illuminated by 100s of lights and filled with fragrant flowers can be considered as a ‘scene of lifetime’.
This museum depicts the great Indian struggle for freedom. It also houses a famous picture gallery of the Mahatma Gandhi and Gandhian movement. Excluding these, there is also a gallery describing the South Indian handicrafts industry. Surely, this place is worthy to be seen.
Important Trains at Madurai Junction
|Train No.||Train Name||From||To|| At Madurai
|2636||Vaigai Exp.||Madurai||Chennai Egm||–||06.45||ALL|
|2635||Vaigai Exp.||Chennai Egm||Madurai||20.10||–||ALL|
|2638||Pandiyan Exp.||Madurai||Chennai Egm||–||20.45||ALL|
|2637||Pandiyan Exp.||Chennai Egm||Madurai||06.15||–||ALL|
|2694||Pearl City Exp.||Tuticorin||Chennai Egm||22.30||22.35||ALL|
|2693||Vaigai Exp.||Chennai Egm||Tuticorin||03.05||03.10||ALL|
|2632||Nellai Exp.||Tirunelveli||Chennai Egm||21.10||21.15||ALL|
|2631||Nellai Exp.||Chennai Egm||Tirunelveli||05.20||05.25||ALL|
|6123||Anantapuri Exp.||Chennai Egm||Trivandrum||04.25||04.30||ALL|
|6124||Anantapuri Exp.||Trivandrum||Chennai Egm||23.00||23.05||ALL|
|6787||Exp.||Madurai||Jammu Tawi||–||19.15||Mon, Fri|
|6788||Exp.||Jammu Tawi||Madurai||15.15||–||Thu, Sun|
|6340||Exp.||Nagarcoil||Mumbai CST||11.45||11.50||M/Tu/ W/F|
|6339||Exp.||Mumbai CST||Nagarcoil||21.35||21.45||M/Th/ F/Sa|
|2662||Pothigai Exp.||Tenkasi||Chennai||22.05||22.10||Tue, Thu, Sun|
|2661||Pothigai Exp.||Chennai||Tenkasi||04.45||04.50||Sun, Tue, Thu|
|2651||Sampark Kranti Exp.||Madurai||Nizamuddin||–||23.45||Sat, Mon|
|2652||Sampark Kranti Exp.||Nizamuddin||Madurai||03.45||–||Thu, Sat|