Ventral hernia occurs through an opening in the abdominal muscles. Common symptoms of this type of hernia are a lump usually seen on coughing or on exerting strain. This hernia can be removed by open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. During surgery the bulged intestine is placed in its previous position and a synthetic mesh is placed over the place through which the bulge appeared. If operation is delayed the situation may worsen which may cause vomiting and the intestine may get trapped inside the cavity.
After studying your general health and medical reports the surgeon will fix a date for performing the surgery. The normal time of hospitalization for open surgery is 6 days and that for laparoscopic surgery is 2 days.
A laparoscope is inserted through small incision in the body. Through this laparoscope the surgeon will be able to see the hernia and the connected body parts in the monitor placed on the operation table. Through other three incisions made on the body miniature instruments needed for the surgery are allowed to enter the abdomen and the surgery is performed by the surgeon watching the hernia and the surgical procedure through the monitor. After the protruding intestine is placed in its original places, a synthetic mesh is placed on the weakened part of the body through which the intestine was bulged out. After completing the surgery the instruments are taken out through the incision through which they were inserted.
For very fat persons and for person whose skin is having dense scar tissue formed due to a previous operation or who are having inflammation inside the body laparoscopic surgery may become impossible. In some cases the laparoscopic surgery will be converted to open surgery in the middle due to the same reasons.
Although laparoscopic ventral hernia repair are generally very safe, complications can occur any time during the operation or after the operation. Complications related to general anesthesia, bleeding, injury to internal organs caused by the instruments etc. are likely to happen in rare cases.