Arthroscopy

What is it?

A joint in the human body is basically the junction of two or more bones. For example hip joint, shoulder joint, or the knee joint. Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, which is essentially an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. Arthroscopic procedures can be performed to evaluate or treat many orthopedic conditions including torn cartilage, ACL reconstruction, and trimming damaged cartilage.

Causes:

Cartilage Damage may be caused by

  • Traumatic injury (mostly observed in athletes)
  • Degenerative processes

ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injuries may be caused by

  • Get hit very hard on the side of your knee
  • Overextend the knee joint
  • Quickly stop moving and change direction while running, landing from a jump, or turning

Symptoms:

  • Severe joint pain
  • Swelling of joint
  • Limited freedom of motion

Diagnosis:

  • X Ray imaging
  • Arthroscope examination
  • Tissue sample test

Treatment:

  • The treatment of the ailment depends upon its severity.
  • For minor problems, the physician or orthopedic surgeon may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics.
  • In moderately serious cases, physiotherapy may be recommended, along with regular exercise.
  • For serious cases, a surgery may be recommended.