What is it?
A joint in the human body is basically the junction of two or more bones. For example hip joint, shoulder joint, or the knee joint. Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, which is essentially an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. Arthroscopic procedures can be performed to evaluate or treat many orthopedic conditions including torn cartilage, ACL reconstruction, and trimming damaged cartilage.
Cartilage Damage may be caused by
- Traumatic injury (mostly observed in athletes)
- Degenerative processes
ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injuries may be caused by
- Get hit very hard on the side of your knee
- Overextend the knee joint
- Quickly stop moving and change direction while running, landing from a jump, or turning
- Severe joint pain
- Swelling of joint
- Limited freedom of motion
- X Ray imaging
- Arthroscope examination
- Tissue sample test
- The treatment of the ailment depends upon its severity.
- For minor problems, the physician or orthopedic surgeon may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics.
- In moderately serious cases, physiotherapy may be recommended, along with regular exercise.
- For serious cases, a surgery may be recommended.