Knee Problems

What is it?
The knees provide a balance and stability to the human body along with facilitating the movement of legs. This stability and flexibility as well as balance are required to jump, run, walk, stand, crouch, turn, etc. basically for every single activity.
The parts of the knee include:

  • Bones
  • Muscles
  • Tendons.
  • Cartilage
  • Ligaments

Knee problems occur throughout all races, gender, age, ethnicity and a rheumatologist or an orthopedic or both can be consulted for the same.

Causes:
The most common causes to perform hand surgery are:

  • Diseases like arthritis
  • Injury to knees
  • Obesity
  • Accidental injury
  • Trauma
  • Over the age wear and tear of the knees
  • Direct blow to the knee
  • Sudden strenuous movements.

Diagnostic Tests
Diagnostic tests for knee problems include:

  • Medical history
  • Physical Examination
  • X ray
  • Radiography
  • Arthroscopy
  • Bone radionuclide scan
  • CT (Computerized axial tomography) scan
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Joint aspiration
  • Biopsy

Types of Knee Problems:

Some common knee problems and injuries:

  • Arthritis
  • Tendon Injuries
  • Cruciate Ligament Injuries
  • Chondromalacia
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome
  • Meniscal Injuries
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
  • Medial and Lateral Collateral Ligament Injuries
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
  • Plica Syndrome

Usually after these operations, the therapist will recommend splints for support, some exercises which will help in faster recovery which include motion exercises, strengthening and aerobic exercises. A psychiatrist specializing in rehabilitation and physical medicine, can also help restore knee problems post surgery and treatment.