Laparoscopic surgery also known as key hole surgery are surgeries usually made in the abdomen through small holes 1 to 1.5 centimeters in size made in the abdomen. A laparoscope which is a telescope type instrument is inserted in the abdomen through the hole cut in the abdomen and the images taken by the laparoscope are projected to the screen near the operation table. Through 3 to 4 keyholes made in the abdomen the surgeon will insert the surgical instruments and perform the surgery.
As laparoscopic surgery is done through a small hole patience need suffer only lesser pain and lesser discomfort. Recovery time of laparoscopic surgery is very less compared to traditional surgeries. The possibility of wound infections is less as the incisions are very small. Reduced period of hospitalization, quicker recovery and return to normalcy and faster return to work are some other important benefits of laparoscopic surgery. Another advantage in this type of surgery is that patients need not be re admitted for removing the stitching. Though the procedural time may be a litter more the total time spent in the hospital is very less in laparoscopic surgeries.
In the earlier days laparoscopic surgeries were generally done for surgeries connected with gynecology and gall bladder surgeries only. But in these days laparoscopic procedure is followed for abdominal surgery, for thoracic surgery for renal surgery, surgery for removing or repairing the ligaments, surgery for obesity, surgery for removal of ovary, spleen, uterus etc.
Laparoscopic surgery as is as safe as any other surgery that takes place in the traditional way. Before performing the surgery the surgeon initially inspects the area through the laparoscope and ascertains whether any large inflammation near the affected spot exists which can prevent a clear view of the parts that are going to be operated. Complications due to anesthesia in intestinal surgery and complication due to bleeding and infections are factors to be considered before proceeding for a laparoscopic surgery. Individual’s general health is an important factor which also plays an important role in reducing the risk associated with laparoscopic surgeries.
As laparoscopic surgery is done using small incisions there will be less pain only and the loss of blood during this surgery will also be lesser. So the recovery time is lesser and the patient will be able to leave the hospital within one or two days. In surgeries done under local anesthesia the patient will be awake and will be able to understand what is going on, but he will not feel the pain of it.
Immediately after the surgery the patient will be removed to the recovery room. There he will be under nursing care till he recovers completely. After that the patient will be taken to the room where he may rest for one or two days depending upon the nature of the surgery performed. When the patient is discharged he is asked not drive a vehicle on his way back to home and not to smoke cigarette or consume liquor for a few days considering the gravity of the surgery undergone. He can go for his normal work after one of two days after the surgery. If excessive bleeding, pain, nausea or vomiting sensation is felt you have to report the matter immediately to the care taker. Post operative appointment will be fixed after a few weeks which the patient is expected not to miss.
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