Date :2021-09-11

Kidneys remove toxins from your body and excrete it in the form of urine. If you don’t drink enough water or fluids, the water content in your blood will be very low. The urine will then be highly concentrated with very little water and a high proportion minerals. The colour will be dark and you may feel a burning sensation as you pass urine. If you habitually drink less water and are constantly dehydrated, the minerals in your urine will form crystals called kidney stones.

When these stones move out of the kidney into the ureter, the thin tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder, they cause pain and may block the tube.

When urine sits in the bladder too long, stones may also form in the bladder.

Usually, a kidney stone will not cause any problem as long as it remains in the kidneys or the bladder. It is only when it moves within the kidney or passes out that you will experience symptoms. Most stones are very small and will pass out with urine and you will never know about them. When the stones become bigger, passing them will be painful. The bigger the stone, the more painful it is.

Symptoms of kidney stones

  • Severe pain in the side and back below the ribs
  • Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Fluctuating pains or pain in waves
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Frequent urination in small amounts
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fever and chills

If you experience these uncomfortable symptoms, consult our urologist at the earliest. Imaging tests will tell if the stone is small enough to pass without interference. If it is small, then you will be given pain-killers and asked to drink plenty of water to flush out the stone. If the stone is bigger, there are a number of procedures, surgical and minimally invasive, laser and ultrasound treatments, to break them down to enable them to pass out naturally. In some cases, if the stone is in a position that may lead to backup of urine that could lead to damage of urinary tract or kidneys, you may need a surgery to remove it immediately.

Tips to prevent formation of kidney stones

  • Drink water and fluids throughout the day
  • Eat less salt and animal protein
  • Eat less oxalate rich foods
  • Limit calcium supplements


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